Hearth Tax

Hearth Tax was, as the name suggests, a tax on hearths or chimneys. It was introduced after the restoration of the monarchy by Charles II in 1662. The charge was 1/- per half year payable on Lady Day, 25 March (at that time New Years Day) and at Michaelmas, 29 September. Tax was charged on the house occupier rather than the owner. The less well off, Paupers and those living in houses worth 20/- a year or less, who paid neither Church rates nor Poor rates were exempt on certification by the vicar and churchwardens. It was abolished in 1689.

The information on this page is taken from an extremely well researched publication 'The Hearth Tax Returns for the Isle of Wight, 1664 to 1674 published in 1981 by the Isle of Wight Record Office. All names are taken from this and have not been amended in any way.

The tax was collected by Tithings, which were effectively small administrative units. Shalfleet had three basic ones, Shalfleet, Watchingwell and Ningwood. Wellow was included in Thorley and Hulverstone in Mottistone. I only include 1665 for the latter two tithings as it is not possible to determine who lived in Shalfleet parish.

Year ending Lady Day 1664

Shalfleete
Hearths
No. Charge
Richard Palmer 4 8/-
George Kent 2 4/-
William Barton 1 2/-
William Jolliffe 1 2/-
Robert Salter 1 2/-
Joane Riddett 1 2/-
Mr Barnabas Leigh 5 10/-
Elizabeth Barton 1 2/-
John Harvey 1 2/-
Richard Simonds 7 14/-
Mr Sparkes 5 10/-
John Westbrooke 1 2/-
Richard Barton 3 6/-
Richard Reston 3 6/-
Samuell Barton 1 2/-
Robert Salter 1 2/-
Mathew Trickett 4 8/-
Thomas Cooke 1 2/-
George Christian 1 2/-
Richard Crosse 3 6/-
John Keech 1 2/-
William Barton 2 4/-

Hearths

50 5-10/-
Hearthes not chargeable
David Pell 1
William Clayden 1
William Trickett 1
Widdow Symond 1
Thomas Doore 1
John Chiverton 1
William Combes 1
7

 

Ningwood

Hearths

No. Charge
John Trickett 11 1-2/-
George Kent 1 2/-
Thomas Fuckett 3 6/-
Robert Knollys 1 2/-
John Palmer 2 4/-
Richard Simonds 3 6/-
John Urry 3 6/-
John Ubacke 2 4/-
Stephen Clerke 1 2/-
Mr William Hyde 3 6/-
Widdow Locke 1 2/-
David Hickes 1 2/-
James Crew 3 6/-
Vincent Sparkes 4 8/-
Richard Percie 2 4/-
John Gilbert 1 2/-
Mr Richard Peachell 3 6/-
David Simes 2 4/-
Richard Urrey 2 4/-
Edward Lanham 1 2/-

Hearths

50 5-0/-
Hearthes not chargeable
Richard Eades 1
Widdow Barnes 1
Richard Bond 1
William Fuckett 1
Robert Cooke 1
Barnabas Williams 1
Widdow Legg 3
Widdow Hulbert 1
John Urrey 1
James Crew 3
Robert Frye 1
George Kent 1
Robert Knollys 1
John Lawe 1
18
Watchingwell
Hearths
No. Charge
John Dingley Esq 5 10/-
John Williams 3 6/-
Bartholomew Smith 1 2/-
George Roockley 1 2/-
Widdow Fine 1 2/-
William King 2 4/-
Stephen Coward 1 2/-
Widow Cope 1 2/-

Hearths

15 1-10/-

 

Year ending Lady Day 1665

Shalfleete
No.
Hearths Chargeable
Mr Barn: Leigh 5
Rich: Palmer 4
Math: Trickett 4
Mr Sparks 5
Nich: Dore 2
Rich: Chestle 1
Rich: Cross 3
Wm Barton 2
David Pell 1
Wm Jolliffe 1
Sam: Lattley 1
Rob: Salter 1
Ann Shafte 2
Rich: Symons 7
Jo: Westbrook 1
Rich: Barton 4
Geo: Christian 1
Wid Raston 3
Tho: Cooke 1
Hearths 48 
Hearths not chargeable
Eliz Barton 1
Wid Poyle 1
Tho Legg 1
John Cheverton 2
Tho: Dore 1
Wid Frampton 2
Wid Symons 2
Wm Trickett 1
Wid Clandon 1
Hearths 12
Ningwood
No.
Hearths Chargeable
Geo: Kent 1
Jo: Palmer 3
Jo: Trickett 6
Rich: Peachill 3
Rich: Pearcy 2
Tho: Dore 2
Rich: Symons 3
Step: Clerke 1
Tho: Fuckett 3
Tho: Dore 1
Rob: Knowles 1
David Symons 2
Rich: Urry 2
Wid Lock 1
James Crew 2
Jo: Blake 2
Jo: Blake 3
Jo: Blake 1
Vincent Sparks 4
Wid Barnes 1
Wid Legg 3
James Crew 3
Mr Edw: Keely 1
51
Hearths not chargeable
John Watts 1
Tho: Atkins 1
Tho: Urry 1
Wid Fry 1
Wm Fuckett 1
5
Watchingwell
No.
Hearths Chargeable
Sr Jo: Dingley 5
Jo: Williams 3
Barth: Smith 1
Wm Kinge 2
George Rookely 1
Mr Tho: Urry 2
14

 

Note: Numbers are given in Roman Numerals in the actual document. The Shalfleete total is incorrect and should be 49.

Mottistone and Thorley 1665

Exemption Certificates 1670-1

We the Minister of the Parish of Shalfleett in ye Isle of Wight and County of South and Churchwardens and Overseers in ye same Isle and County doe hereby Certifie unto his Majesties Justices of the Peace for the said Isle and County That we doe believe That the respective Houses wherein the persons hereunder named doe Inhabit are not of greater vallue then twenty shillings per annum upon the full Improved rent, And than neither the person so inhabiting, nor any other using the same Messuages hath, useth, or Occupieth any Lands or Tenements of their own or others of the yearly vallue of Twenty shillings per annum, Nor hath any Lands, Tenements, Goods or Chattels of the vallue of Ten pounds in their own Possession, or in the Possession of any other in trust for them. And that the said houses have not above two Chimneys, Fire-hearthes and stoves in them respectively. Witness our hands this first day of March 1670.

Shalfleet Tithings Ningwod and Welow Tithings
John Chiverton that which Thomas Urry lives in
William Dore John Legg
Widd: Clayden was ye Widd: Symonds ye widd Frye
John: Westbrooke for a little house by ye bridge Robert Cooke
Thomas Dore for David Pells howse William Puckett
Richard Eedes
Jone Dore wid
Richard Bond for Percys house on ye bridge
Peter Austine  Vicar of Shalfleet
Matt Trickett  Church Warden
Tho: Hatton  Church Warden
We Allow of the Certificate containing thirteene names

Jo: Richards

Year and a half ending Lady Day 1673

Shafleet Parish
Hearths Chargeable
Geo: Kent 2
John Woodnett 2
Robt Salter 1
Bar: Light 5
Rich: Deane 7
Tho: Carre 5
Steph: Barton 1
Widd Raston 3
Sam: Barton 1
John Westbrooke 1
Geo: Chrictan 1
Widd Legg 1
Rich: Crosse 3
Rich Due 1
Nich Trickett 3 void
Sir James Worsley 4
Wm Doore 3
Matthew Turkett 4
John Cooke 1
46
The reason for the void is not known

 

Watchingwood Tything
Hearths Chargeable
John Hollis 5
Peter Woodford 3
Barth: Smith 1
William Kingett 1
Dan: Cooper 2
12
Poore of Shaffleett, cleared by cerificate
Hearths Chargeable
[Torn] Cheverton 1
Wm Dore 1
John Westbrooke 1
Widd Cleden 1
John Legg 1
Widd Ourrey 2
Widd Dore 1
Widd Card 2
John Pell 1
Widd Barnes 1
Rich Salter 1
Wm Smith 2
Phill: Wilkson 1
16
Lyngwood (an Early name for Ningwood) Tything
This record is damaged
Hearths Chargeable
John Trickett 11
Dan: Goodale 5
John Doore 2
[Torn] Palmer 1
[David] 3
[Torn] Overy 2
[Torn] Symens 2
[Torn] Clarke 1
[Torn]Dore 3
[Torn] Locke Missing
A number of names missing
Speas[all] Missing
[Torn] R...hate Missing
[Torn] Dawe 1
[Torn] Doore 1

 

Year ending Lady Day 1674

Shalfleet Parrish
George Kent 2
John Woodnett 2
Robert Salter 1
Barnaby Light (Leigh) 5
John Humphryes now Richard Deane 7
Thomas Carr 5
Stephen Barton 1
Widdow Rochton 3
Samuell Barton 1
John Westbrooke 1
George Christian 1
Widdow Legg 1
Richard Cross 3
Richard Due 1
Nicholas Trickett 3
Richard Palmer now Sir James Worsley 4
Richard Barton now Will. Dore 3
Mathew Trickett 4
John Cooke 1
49
Wachingwood Tything
John Dingley Esq now John Hollis 5
Peter Woodford 3
Bartholmew Smythe 1
William Kenett 1
Daniell Cooper now John 2
12
Cleared by certificate in Shalflett
John Cheverton
John Pell
John Westbrooke
William Trickett
William Dore
Widdow Claydon
Phil Jackman
Widdow [Blank]
William Smith
Richard Sallter
Ann Janson

 

Lingwood Tything
John Trickett 11
Daniell Goodall 5
John Doore 3
John Palmer 3
Richard Symonds now David 3
John Overy 2
Widdow Symonds 2
Stephen Clarke 2
Mr Hide now Thomas Doore 3
Widdow Locke 1
Widdow Crewes 3
William Capell 4
Richard Peircy 1
Richard Speaseall 3
William Recherhate 2
John Watts now Richard Daycres 1
Richard Doore 1
50

 

Shalfleet Sources

Note: These pages are my transcriptions, they are accurate to the best of my ability but I do not take any responsibility for errors.

25 March 2006